Before jumping to Macular Degeneration, let us read what the Macula is. The Macula is the central segment of the Retina, and it is accountable for most of our vision. It helps us in focusing, evaluating different shapes, distinguish between precise colouring and faces, etc. This is the section that controls our central vision. The Macula is a fragile, film-like membrane present our Retina’s core on which the picture of the object is projected. The rods and cones in our eye acquire these images and ship it to the brain in the structure of electrical signals through the optic nerve. When this membrane is healthy and working in its ideal condition, you can see the image of the object in excessive definition or its pure form.
Macular Degeneration is a condition in which Macula gets broken or starts to degrade. It results in abnormal vision, and in worst cases, leads to total blindness. In its early stage, Macular Degeneration no longer causes any full-size impact on our eyesight. Still, if the trouble continues, you can experience a complete loss of sight, blurred visions, foggy images, etc. Although this does not cause any impact on the peripheral vision as the concerning section is the central part of the Retina only.
In most cases, the reason for macular Degeneration is the age. People above 50-years face it the most, that is why this condition is often known as AMD or ‘Age-related Macular Degeneration’. Currently, there is no treatment for AMD. However, few treatments are limited to maintaining and enhancing a person’s eyesight for as long as possible.
Symptoms- The signs of the AMD are barely visible and mostly include blurred visions, lines and sentences appear to be curvy, you can have difficulty in reading in low light, being substantially sensitive to glares, etc. These symptoms would possibly seem as ordinary in the initial state of AMD. Still, in some cases, if left untreated, it continues to erode the Macula membrane resulting in more significant long term effects such as blindness.